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The Via Francigena & other pilgrim roads in Italy

Looking for a ‘spiritual’ long-distance walk? There is not only the ‘Camino’ to Santiago!

Italy has many different routes to offer! Not without reason there is a saying according to which ‘all roads lead to Rome’! Which has been true for more than 2000 years now!

In the Middle Ages there were several pilgrim’s roads which led from the northern European countries to Rome, the Holy City. Some of these roads continued towards Puglia, where the pilgrims (and crusaders) could embark for the Holy Land.

The most famous of these pilgrim roads is the so-called ‘Via Francigena’, which leads from northern Europe to Rome. Its name derives from its older name, the ‘Iter Francorum’ (the “Frankish Route“), mentioned in the Itinerarium sancti Willibaldi of 725, a record of the travels of Willibald, bishop of Eichstätt in Bayern. The full route, starting from Canterbury has been described in detail by Sigeric, archbishop of Canterbury, in 990, and it is ‘his’ route which is now considered as the ‘real’ Via Francigena.

Another important ‘religious route’, is the ‘Via Francigena di San Francesco’, on the traces of St. Francis of Assisi, through Umbria. The chosen name is not a particularly lucky one and might lead to confusion, especially because it officially has a double name: ‘Via di Roma’ – ‘La Via Francigena di San Francesco’. But the route is wonderful!

   VF Ruta completa con pricipales poblaciones.svg     Image result for Via di Roma’ – ‘La Via Francigena di San Francesco

Other routes include the ‘Via Romea’ from Germany to Rome, and the ‘Via di San Benedetto’. Recently many of these routes have been re-discovered and opened up for tourism by Italian State bodies – mostly regions and local authorities – in collaboration with many different associations. Recently also the Government has started to recognize the importance of the walking routes and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage has compiled a (far from complete) list & map of the ‘Cammini d’Italia‘. Many routes have been waymarked as well and the general quality of their maintenance is improving.

Most of these ‘medieval pilgrim routes’ were obviously following the old Roman roads, which were in place already since a 1000 years at the time of the pilgrimages, roads that followed the most obvious passes and the most ‘logical’ routes to Rome. And that is basically the main problem with the ‘original routes’: often the roads have been further transformed over the centuries, and are nowadays major roads of national importance (‘strade statali’), often even 4-lane highways.

For that reason we have included only the ‘best parts’ of the Via Francigena tours in Tuscany : to let you enjoy the pleasure of walking a pilgrim’s route, but also to relive the experience of the medieval pilgrims, walking through forests and pleasant agricultural landscapes, from abbey to abbey, from village to village, but without the noise of modern traffic!

For those who do want to walk the whole route we do offer some of the most beautiful stretches: the stages from Lucca to Siena and from Siena to Lake Bolsena (and for those who wish all the way to Rome). On these tours we stay as close as possible to the ‘original route’, but where necessary we deviate from the main roads – and do include some beautiful extra’s! If instead you want to walk the full ‘original’ route this is of course possible too! We can offer the full tour, starting from the San Bernardo Pass all the way to Rome, a hike of about 45 days.

The same is true for the Via Francigena di San Francesco’, basically designed as a one-way route, to be followed in a southern direction, towards Rome, often following uninteresting stretches of road not touching some of the most interesting sites along the route (like the Marmore Waterfalls).

For that reason, on our Umbria tours, you will follow some of the most interesting stretches, but NOT the whole route. In addition you will see many more, and sleep in some stunning locations!

         

Other long-distance routes

Apart from the ancient pilgrim routes, there are many more long distance walking routes in Italy.

Of course there are the old Roman roads, the most famous of which is perhaps the Via Appia, the “Regina viarum” (Queen of all roads), which leads from Rome to Brindisi, a unique road which leads you through some stunning (and unknown) areas of southern Italy. Along many stretches you can still walk on the same Roman pavement as 2000 years ago, but other stretches are busy roads today. Projects to make these roads ‘walkable’ are plentiful, but for the moment they can hardly be recommended as ‘walking routes’. Please contact us in case you want to walk (part of) the Via Appia – we’ll show you the best bits only!

There are also the European long-distance trail ‘E1’ – which runs from the North Cape to Sicily, a great idea, but especially southern Italy still an ‘idea’, rather than an existing trail on the ground, as well as the ‘Sentiero Italia’, for which roughly the same is true.

The Club Alpino Italiano (CAI) instead aims to create the ‘Sentiero Italia’, a long-distance trail, which once it will be completely waymarked, certainly will be one of the world’s longest and most fascinating long-distance trails, connecting the Dolomites to the Alps, the Cinque Terre, Tuscany, the Amalfi Coast and finally Sicily! At the moment the CAI has waymarked already several ‘Alte Vie’ (‘High Routes’) along the ridges of many mountain chains all over Italy. Famous, well-established (hence pretty well waymarked) are the ‘Alta Via dei Monti Liguri’,  the 10 different ‘Alte Vie’ (yes, this the plural form) in the Dolomites and the stunningly beautiful ‘Alta Via dei Monti Lattari‘, high above Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast.

As well are there several long-distance coastal routes, the most famous (and crowded) of which is of course the ‘Sentiero Verde-Azzurro‘ along the Cinque Terre (but it already starts in Genova).

And of course, the best hikes do not have to be necessarily ‘long-distance‘. Check out this short list with some of our favourite hiking trails!

 
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